For my master thesis at Lund University, I worked in group with Joanna Sabak. We have learnt plenty from this experience! It was a large and complex task to solve in a synchronized manner, but we are both very happy with the experience and the result!
In our thesis project called (S)ink we combine a digital structural analysis method with a defined architectural context, with an emphasis on the spatial experiences and aesthetics. We address the issue of climate change focusing on the rising sea levels, increased rain fall and high water level situations as an ever changing phenomena.
The program of our building is a bathhouse in Nyhamnen (Smörkajen), Malmö, in line with a bath house which the city themselves wish for in the area. The aim was to create a public space that would have a strong connection with water and that would bring people from other parts of the city to the neighbourhood. We worked in parallel with architectural and computational design, allowing one to drive another. We used and re-articulated a digital optimization tool to develop a novel truss-like structural system which is responsive to loads and stresses. It is questioning standardized architecture by exploring custom material composition and results in intricate and complex geometry not achievable with traditional intuitive design. The tools are mostly within Grasshopper, some earlier parts of the process scripted in Python.
Seen from the “poetic” angle, our project explores the idea of a memory and adaptation. It is an ever changing spatial situation where the water is embraced and allowed to flow in and out. We program the building for a time span of 200 years when it will become flooded, the spaces will change and grow, and underwater life will take over its parts remaining a story of the past.
A third aspect of our project is a discussion about new fabrication techniques with a focus on robotic assembly by means of 3d printing in metal and bio-resins.
The rise of the sea and flooding in general is one of the most serious natural disasters occuring.
The data to the left is from SWIPA and the data to the right is from the European Environmental Agency and FloodProBe (an EU-funded Project about flood provention in our built environment). The topmost circle diagram provides the colour codes for the European map.
We decided to work in Nyhamnen, Malmö, since it was a familiar site for us.
Site Plan, Malmö Smörkajen, Nyhamnen.
3D perspective of the bath house.
Long section with stress analysis results and legend to the right.
Plans with zoning explained.
Detail drawing of a pool section.
The material properties of the system.
Fabrication diagrams of the 3D Printing process.
To illustrate the dynamic properties of the system. These diagrams show what the bath house can become in the future, in two scenarios. The first one is if it is kept as a bath house, and the second one is if it is converted into a hotel.
"Spread" is the concept for the bath house, whilst "Sprout" is the concept for the hotel.
We want to show that the system is dynamic. Once you have the digital model, you can re-simulate and re-calculate where the system needs to be reinforced depending on the architects design strategies.
PLA printed models (Ultimaker) of the system with resin (yellow).
How we printed the resin. It cured by a UV flash light.
One resin filled model next to an empty one. The same geometry.
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